duminică, 23 aprilie 2017

The graph of the linear function

It considers the function f: R — R >, f (x) = p x + q, where p and q are real numbers.
a)     find the real numbers p and q knowing that
f (1) = 1 and f (2) =-1
b)     for p = -2 and q = 3, graph the function using xOy coordinates system. 

joi, 6 aprilie 2017

Geomerty - an Aquarium a right prism

The figure is represented schematically an Aquarium in the form of a right prism with square floor, which features 8 dm floor side and the lateral edge of Aquarium of 5 dm. The faces of the Aquarium are made of glass. The Aquarium floor is made from a different material. Aquarium is not covered. Into Aquarium is located water up to a height of 4dm (glass thickness neglect).

a) Calculate how many litres of water are in the Aquarium,
b) Calculate how many square metres of glass are needed to into 100 pcs. of Aquarium, having the dimensions given in the hypotesis,
c) Show that, at any time, the distance between two fish is less than or equal to 12 dm.

miercuri, 5 aprilie 2017

Geometry - congruent triangles


The triangle ABC has the measure of 90 degrees of the angle A, the bisector of the angle ABC intersects in point D the side AC and DE is the altitude of the triangle BDC. Find that:

a)  AE is perpendicular to BD ; 

b)  AE is parallel to FC,  where F is the intersecting point of AB and DE: 
 {F} = AB ∩ DE.

miercuri, 22 februarie 2017

Percents/ Rule of Three / Problem


In the figure bellow it is represented the outline of a rectangular room with an area of 48 square meters. We note ABCD this rectangle.
It is known that the width is three quarters (¾ ) of the length of the room.

Inside the room is a fireplace (a stove), represented in the figure by the square MNPD with the one meter side.
In the room it is installed hardwood floor except shaded area MNPD where is the stove.
a) find the length of the room;
b) knowing that losses represent 10% of the floor area that will be covered with parquet flooring, show that it is enough to buy 51.7 square meter of needed parquet flooring,
c) the parquet flooring is sold in packs each containing 2,5 square meters of parquet flooring. The price of each box with parquet flooring is 43 $. Find the minimum amount of money required to purchase needed parquet flooring.


duminică, 12 februarie 2017

Find a natural number by the Euclid's division

Find the natural number that simultaneously satisfy the conditions:
a) divided by 4 the remainig is 3
b) divided by 10, the remaning is 1;
c) divided by 12, the remaining is 3;
d) the sum of quotients of the three divisions from points a), b) and c) is higher by 16 than one third of the number.

 Solution:
In this issue we use the Euclidean division.
This theorem says the dividend (D) is equal to the product of the divisor (Q) and the quotient (C) added the remaining (R)
D = Q  ∙ C + R
If we denote the number  with the letter D and apply the above theorem we can write conditions:
a) D = 4 ∙ C1 + 3
b) D = 10 ∙ C2 + 1 ∙
c) D = 12 ∙ C3 + 3
For the last condition we write: C1 + C2 + C3 = D / 3 + 16
      a)       D = 4 ∙ C1 + 3
               D - 3 = 4 ∙ C1
               C1 = (D-3) / 4
       b)     D = 10 ∙ C2 + 1 ∙
                D - 1 = 10 ∙ C2
                C2 = (D-1) / 10
        c)     D = 12 ∙ C3 + 3
                D - 3 = 12 ∙ C3
                C3 = (D-3) / 12
Replacing expressions obtained for C1, C2 and C3 to the condition d) we obtain:
                    (D-3) / 4 + (D - 1) / 10 + (D - 3) / 12= D / 3 + 16
The common denominator of these fractions:
4 = 2∙2
10 = 2 ∙ 5
12 = 2∙2 ∙ 3
 3 = 3∙1
The common denominator = 2∙2 ∙ 3 ​​∙ 5 = 60
Multiply each fraction reach 60: first by 15, the second by 6, third by 5, fourth by 20 and the free term (whole number) by 60:
15 (D-3) + 6 (D-1) + 5 (D-3) =20 D  + 16 ∙ 60
15 D - 45 +6 D -6 +5 D – 15 = 20 D + 960
26 D - 20 D = 960 + 45 + 6 + 15
  6 D = 1026
      D = 171

Solution: The number required is 171

sâmbătă, 11 februarie 2017

Find a two digit number

Find number ab, where a is the tens' digit and b is the units’ digit, knowing that a4 + a= 5 · b.

Solution:

The problem requires us to find a two digit number ab, where a is the tens digit and b is the units’ digit.
Figures may have values ​​from 1 to 9 (for a=0 result 04 + 0= 5 · b => b=0, and the number ab=0 is not a two-digit number).
From a4 + a= 5 · b. We note that  5b is a multiple of 5.
a4 + a= a(a+1) must be multiple of 5.
a2   can’t be 5 (a is a natural number)
a+1 = 5; 
a2 = 5-1 = 4; 
a = 2
4*5 = 5 *b
b = 4 


Other case, for the next multiple of 5
a2 +1=10
a2=9
a=3

a2(a2+1) = 9*10 = 90 = 5*b =>b = 90/5 = 18 >9, impossible, b is a digit, b< 9
           
The only number ab that is solution to the problem is 24.

vineri, 10 februarie 2017

Find the last digit of a number

Whether natural numbers x, y, z, u satisfy the relation:
7x + 5y - 2z -2u = 0, then find the last digit of the number A when
A = (11x + 9y) *(z + u - x).

Solution:

The problem gives us an equality between the numbers x, y, z and u.
7x+5y – 2z – 2u = 0 (the hypothesis)
If you look at this equality you can see that the relation could be processed moving two terms on the right side of the equality.
-2z and -2u moved to the right side with the changed sign become:    2z and 2u.

7x + 5y = 2z + 2u. We can remove the common factor 2.
7x + 5y = 2 (z + u).

From this form of the last relationship we note the following: 
to the right we have a bracket multiplied by 2, which means that this product is an even number.

If on the right side of the equality it is an even number, then we also have an even number on the left of equal sign.
So, 7x + 5y is an even number.
Here the sum is even.
How do we get an even number in the sum? if we add two even numbers or two odd numbers!
How 7 and 5 are odd, it follows that x and y are either both even or both odd (in other words: they have the same parity).
We conclude that the amount x + y is even (if we add two even numbers the result is an even number, or if we add two odd numbers the result is an even number also).

The problem asks us the last digit of the number A
A = (11x + 9y) *(z + u - x).
.
Number A is a product of two brackets. We see that z is assembled with u and this amount (z + u) is in the hypothesis multiplied by 2:    7x + 5y = 2 (z + u).
.
To be able to use the hypothesis equality we multiply by 2 the number A and we replace 2(z + u) by 7x+5y. And we get:

2 A = (11x + 9 y) * 2 * (z + u - x) = (11x + 9 y) (2 (x + u) - 2 x) = (11x + 9 y) (7 x + 5 y - 2 x) = (11x + 9 y) (5x + 5y) = (11x + 9 y) * 5 (x + y)

We have demonstrated that x and y have the same parity, and x + y is an even number, x + y is divisible by 2.

For parenthesis (11x + 9y) we note:
If x and y are both even 11x + 9y is an even number, so it is divisible by 2.
If x and y are both odd 11x is odd, 9y is also odd and the sum of two odd numbers is always an even number, so 11x + 9y is divisible by 2.

It follows that number 2A is divisible by the number 2 from the bracket 11x + 9y, once it is divisible by 2 by the even number x + y and it is also divisible by 5.
Number A will be divisible by 2 and 5.
Therefore, number A is divisible by 2 and 5, so it is divisible by 10.

From the criterion of divisibility by 10 (any number that has the last digit “0” is divisible by 10) the last digit of the number A is „0”.